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The term "package.json" in the context of React JS, refers to a file that is commonly located at the root directory of a React application. It is a manifest file for the project which includes metadata about the project such as the name, version, description, etc.

This file is crucial for managing dependencies that your project needs to run. These dependencies are listed under the "dependencies" and "devDependencies" sections of the file, indicating which packages and which versions of them are required for the project. When you install a package using npm (Node package manager), that package's name and version are automatically added to the package.json file.

The package.json file also includes other fields like "scripts" that can be used to automate various tasks for the project. You can specify command line scripts to run for testing, building, or starting your application.

Here is an example of what a simple package.json file in a React application might look like:

"name": "my-app",
"version": "1.0.0",
"description": "My First React Application",
"main": "index.js",
"scripts": {
"start": "react-scripts start",
"build": "react-scripts build",
"test": "react-scripts test"
"dependencies": {
"react": "^17.0.2",
"react-dom": "^17.0.2",
"react-scripts": "^4.0.3"
"devDependencies": {
"@babel/core": "^7.4.5",
"eslint": "^6.1.0"

In this example, "react", "react-dom", and "react-scripts" are the dependencies needed to run the project. "@babel/core" and "eslint" are development dependencies required for development but not to run the final application. The "scripts" section contains commands to start the app ('start'), create a build ('build') and to run tests ('test').

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